Symptoms of depression

Feeling sad or melancholic is an emotional condition that all people spend at many times in their lives. However, when feelings such as sadness, anger, frustration, disinterest, or demoralization affect a person’s daily life for a long time, they also experience other somatic symptoms such as weight loss, poor appetite , Sleep problems, asthenia, etc. We are facing a case of depression. It is a disorder of the mood that severely affects the psychological and biological level of the sufferer and requires a psychiatric treatment adapted to each case. In this article we show you in detail what are the symptoms of depression.

Photo: apa.org
  1. First, it is important to distinguish what is a case of low state of adaptive mood from a pathological condition, such as depression. In the first (low adaptive state), the patient may manifest some depressive symptoms, due to specific circumstances of his life, such as complicated situations in the workplace, family, economic, etc. These symptoms will slowly subside once the stress-causing factor has disappeared.
  • On the contrary, when it comes to a pathological condition such as depression, the patient suffers from a state of prolonged sadness, feels depressed and unable to cope with his daily life or relate to others. There are important psychic alterations, of smaller or greater severity according to each case, which are usually accompanied by other somatic symptoms.
  1. Because of the complexity of the disease, specialists usually rely on two manuals for diagnosing depression, one published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and another by the American Psychiatric Association. In them, we find as main symptoms of depression:
  • Depressive mood present in the patient most of the day, which is maintained in time consistently.
  • Loss or disappearance of interest to daily activities that were previously to his liking and were pleasurable.
  • Loss or diminution of the capacity of pleasure to enjoy life, as well as considerable increase of fatigue and loss of energy.
  1. In addition, other psychic alterations are indicated as symptoms of depression and parameters for its diagnosis. These are:
  • Feelings of hopelessness, uselessness and pessimism.
  • Absence of reactions to situations that do usually generate emotional expressions in people.
  • Severe decrease or lack of self-esteem, feeling of inferiority unjustified before others and total loss of confidence in oneself.
  • Feeling of excessive and non-existent guilt, which is accompanied by constant self-reproaches.
  • Thoughts of death and recurrent suicides, as well as sudden outbursts of anger.
  • Difficulty concentrating, making decisions and remembering.
  1. At the somatic level , patients suffering from depression may also experience changes and conditions such as:
  • Disorders in sleep, being very frequent the inability to fall asleep (insomnia) or, on the contrary, excess of sleep (hypersomnia).
  • Decrease or loss of appetite.
  • Loss or weight gain.
  • Decrease or absence of sexual appetite.
  • Slowness in motor functions and unwarranted fatigue.
  1. Once we know the symptoms of depression and we understand that it is a pathological condition, it is fundamental that on suspicion of suffering this disease you visit a specialist to carefully review your case. A patient with depression should start as soon as possible a specific treatment based on a pharmacological therapy combined with therapy and psychological help.
  2. This article is purely informative, we do not prescribe any medical treatment or make any kind of diagnosis.We suggest you to go to a doctor in the case of presenting any type of condition or discomfort.

Continue Reading: How to reduce Stress

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